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IF Statements For Date and Time


I am trying to create an IF statement by date and time to associate a shift letter to(A.B,C,D).

I have an end date column pulling from a table in this format: 10/21/2019 2:00:00 PM.

I would like to assign a shift to this date and time column.

If B shift is 12:00 PM to 6:00 PM, then the example above would be assigned B shift.

I am connected via ODBC and using Power BI.

Any help would be much appreciated.




The syntax is for M query.


Open Edit queries, Add column->Custom Column -> Paste your script and rename the column.


If this helps, mark it as a solution

Kudos are nice too

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View solution in original post

Memorable Member
Memorable Member



Change the Date column from your source to Datetime datatype in Edit queries


Add a custom column as below. Adjust the shift timings and conditions accordingly.



=if Time.Hour([Column1])>=0 and Time.Hour([Column1])<11 then "A" else if Time.Hour([Column1]) >=12 and Time.Hour([Column1]) < 18 then "B" else "C"



I tested the above code with sample data and it works.




But do change the condition as per your need.

If this helps, mark it as a solution

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Regular Visitor

This is also work on me however what if we consider the date since we have night shift.
Please see below expected output:
21/10/23 8:AM - 8PM  is Shift A
21/10/23 8:PM to 22/10/23 8AM is Shift B

12/11/2023 8:01 A
12/11/2023 20:00 A
12/11/2023 20:01 B
13/11/2023 8:01 B

Not applicable

I am doing somthing wrong. I am getting a syntax for 'Time' is incorrect error.




Here is the forumla with my column inserted:


Shift = if Time.Hour([AM_PRODUCTION_RESULT[END_DATE_TIME])>=0 and Time.Hour([AM_PRODUCTION_RESULT[END_DATE_TIME])<11 then "A" else if Time.Hour([AM_PRODUCTION_RESULT[END_DATE_TIME]) >=12 and Time.Hour([AM_PRODUCTION_RESULT[END_DATE_TIME]) < 18 then "B" else "C"



The syntax is for M query.


Open Edit queries, Add column->Custom Column -> Paste your script and rename the column.


If this helps, mark it as a solution

Kudos are nice too

Connect on LinkedIn



Thanks for your solution, it really helped us for the shifts. Only we have a problem that the night shift starts at 22:00 till 6:00 a.m. next day.


The problem for now is that for example 2-2-2023 22:00 - 00:00  is summed up with the night shift ealier that day form 2-2-2023 from 00:00 - 6:00, which is another night shift.


So what the output should be is that the night shift, started at 1-2-2023 22:00 till 2-2-2023 6:00 should be summed up. And it should be categorized as the night shift of 1-2-2023 (the start date of the night shift).


So what we have now is this;



if Time.Hour([Start])>=6 and Time.Hour([Start])<14 then "Day"
else if Time.Hour([Start]) >=14 and Time.Hour([Start]) < 22 then "Evening"
else "Nacht")


So the last else should be something like;

else if Time.Hour([Start]) >=22 and Time.Hour([Start]) +1 day < 6 then "Night"


Can you push us in the right direction?


Thanks in advance!

Not applicable

Going to add another level of complexity here, How about bringing in Days of the week? 




 Sunday through Tuesday 6:00 am-6:00 pm and Wednesday 6:00 am-Noon = A shift



Add "Date.DayOfWeek([Column1])" to the condition. It will return 0 for Monday,1 for Tuesday and so on..


If this helps, mark it as a solution. 

Kudos are nice too.

Connect on LinkedIn
Not applicable

How to I insert it?


f Time.Hour([END_DATE_TIME])>=7 and Time.Hour([END_DATE_TIME])<16 then "A" else if Time.Hour([END_DATE_TIME]) >=15 and Time.Hour([END_DATE_TIME]) < 23 then "B" else "C"

Not applicable

Thank you so much!!!

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