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Frequent Visitor

## Distance calculations - how many suppliers within X Kms

I was able to calculate dynamically distnace between two points thanks using the following DAX, thanks to a post on Radacad Blog

```Kilometers =
var Lat1 = MIN('From City'[lat])
var Lng1 = MIN('From City'[lng])

var Lat2 = MIN('To Cities'[lat])
var Lng2 = MIN('To Cities'[lng])
---- Algorithm here -----
var P = DIVIDE( PI(), 180 )
var A = 0.5 - COS((Lat2-Lat1) * p)/2 +
COS(Lat1 * p) * COS(lat2 * P) * (1-COS((Lng2- Lng1) * p))/2
var final = 12742 * ASIN((SQRT(A)))
return final```

However I need to calculate the number of suppliers within X Km of a suburb, I have the lat & long of all the suburbs and suppliers.

Struggling to get something to work... any assistance with this would be greatly appreciated...

1 ACCEPTED SOLUTION
Super User

Hi @DamienW

Here's a mock-up of how I might do it.

1. I've assumed Supplier and Suburbs sit in two tables like this:

2. Create a measure Suburb Supplier Distance that computes the distance between a single Supplier & Suburb (same formula as you had):

```Suburb Supplier Distance =
IF (
AND ( HASONEVALUE ( Supplier[Supplier] ), HASONEVALUE ( Suburb[Suburb] ) ),
VAR Lat1 =
SELECTEDVALUE ( Supplier[Latitude] )
VAR Lng1 =
SELECTEDVALUE ( Supplier[Longitude] )
VAR Lat2 =
SELECTEDVALUE ( Suburb[Latitude] )
VAR Lng2 =
SELECTEDVALUE ( Suburb[Longitude] )
VAR P =
DIVIDE ( PI (), 180 )
VAR A =
0.5 - COS ( ( Lat2 - Lat1 ) * p ) / 2
+ COS ( Lat1 * p ) * COS ( lat2 * P )
* ( 1 - COS ( ( Lng2 - Lng1 ) * p ) ) / 2
VAR final =
12742 * ASIN ( ( SQRT ( A ) ) )
RETURN
final
)```

3. Create a Distance parameter table with a single column Distance, used to select the threshold distances.
4. Create this measure to count Suppliers within a selected distance of the selected Suburb:
```Number of Suppliers within Selected Distance of Suburb =
VAR MinDistance =
MIN ( Distance[Distance] )
VAR MaxDistance =
MAX ( Distance[Distance] )
RETURN
COUNTROWS (
FILTER (
Supplier,
[Suburb Supplier Distance] >= MinDistance
&& [Suburb Supplier Distance] <= MaxDistance
)
)```
This is written so that you can have both lower and upper bounds on the distance, but you may want to rewrite with just an upper bound on the distance.

Well that's how I would do it. It may have to be adapted depending how your tables are structured.

Regards,

Owen

Owen Auger
Blog
6 REPLIES 6
Anonymous
Not applicable

Great post...I was wondering if you would know how to convert this to miles instead of km? Also, the number in VAR final = '12742', what is the number referencing to? Thanks again.

Anonymous
Not applicable

Hi,

I have the same scenario in my work, i have calculated distance as sugeasted but along with this i need to show supplier along with all the suburbs in a particular distance from it in one world map.

can anyone please guide me . how can i achieve it .

New Member
Hi @OwenAuger, thank you for your solution. I was wondering if you can assist me further. I have a similar scenario however my distances have been calculated via the Google API as a function. How would I then dynamically be able to see the closest supplier. Thanks.
Super User

@Waynesaaiman could you share detail of your tables or a PBIX with your current data model, and how you want the report to behave?

I'm assuming you want certain visuals to be filtered to the closest supplier to another selected location?

We should be able to do this with some sort of measure that filters suppliers down to just the closest one.

Owen Auger
Blog
Super User

Hi @DamienW

Here's a mock-up of how I might do it.

1. I've assumed Supplier and Suburbs sit in two tables like this:

2. Create a measure Suburb Supplier Distance that computes the distance between a single Supplier & Suburb (same formula as you had):

```Suburb Supplier Distance =
IF (
AND ( HASONEVALUE ( Supplier[Supplier] ), HASONEVALUE ( Suburb[Suburb] ) ),
VAR Lat1 =
SELECTEDVALUE ( Supplier[Latitude] )
VAR Lng1 =
SELECTEDVALUE ( Supplier[Longitude] )
VAR Lat2 =
SELECTEDVALUE ( Suburb[Latitude] )
VAR Lng2 =
SELECTEDVALUE ( Suburb[Longitude] )
VAR P =
DIVIDE ( PI (), 180 )
VAR A =
0.5 - COS ( ( Lat2 - Lat1 ) * p ) / 2
+ COS ( Lat1 * p ) * COS ( lat2 * P )
* ( 1 - COS ( ( Lng2 - Lng1 ) * p ) ) / 2
VAR final =
12742 * ASIN ( ( SQRT ( A ) ) )
RETURN
final
)```

3. Create a Distance parameter table with a single column Distance, used to select the threshold distances.
4. Create this measure to count Suppliers within a selected distance of the selected Suburb:
```Number of Suppliers within Selected Distance of Suburb =
VAR MinDistance =
MIN ( Distance[Distance] )
VAR MaxDistance =
MAX ( Distance[Distance] )
RETURN
COUNTROWS (
FILTER (
Supplier,
[Suburb Supplier Distance] >= MinDistance
&& [Suburb Supplier Distance] <= MaxDistance
)
)```
This is written so that you can have both lower and upper bounds on the distance, but you may want to rewrite with just an upper bound on the distance.

Well that's how I would do it. It may have to be adapted depending how your tables are structured.

Regards,

Owen

Owen Auger
Blog
Frequent Visitor

Thanks, worked a treat, ended up ditching the distance parameter table, and just created three measures with the distances that i wanted...

E.g

Suppliers in 5km = COUNTROWS (
FILTER (
Supplier,
[Kilometers] <= 5))

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