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Helper III

## Creating a Prior Month Indicator Column - that works year over year

"that works year over year" - That's the trick

I've got one that works if the year is the same ie. I can get June 2022 if it's currently July 2022 but once it changes to January 2023 I can't get December 2022. I need a column on my date table and not a measure as I need to return month names for my visuals. I'm pretty sure PREVIOUSMONTH and DATEADD aren't going to work here but I'm happy if I’m wrong. I need it to be variable as well, meaning I can easily change to 2 month prior as well, ideally by simply changing a mathematical component.

Thanks!

Here's what I currently have.

Prior Month Column = IF(YEAR(TODAY()) = YEAR(Dates[Date]) && (MONTH(TODAY()) - 1) = MONTH(Dates[Date]), "Yes", "No")

1 ACCEPTED SOLUTION
Super User

Hey @DJBAJG ,

this DAX statement shows how to create a running month index column:

``````calendar =
var dateStart = DATE( 2022 , 1 , 1 )
var dateEnd = DATE( 2023 , 12, 31 )
return

CALENDAR(
dateStart
, dateEnd
)
, "runningMonthIndexCalendar"
, var YearsNoOf = YEAR( [Date] ) - YEAR( dateStart )
var MonthNoOf = MONTH( [Date] )
return
YearsNoOf * 12 + MonthNoOf
)
``````

Here is a screenshot that shows that the index is incremented from December 2022 to January 2023.

Using this index will help to get the previous month's name or will help to shift dates by months for more sophisticated date-related calculations.

This adds a column to the calendar table that holds the prev month name:

``````, "Year Month (prev)"
, var eomprev = EOMONTH( [Date] , -1 )
return
FORMAT( eomprev , "YYYY MMM" )``````

Another screenshot:

Regards,
Tom

Did I answer your question? Mark my post as a solution, this will help others!

Proud to be a Super User!
I accept Kudos 😉
Hamburg, Germany
2 REPLIES 2
Super User

Hey @DJBAJG ,

this DAX statement shows how to create a running month index column:

``````calendar =
var dateStart = DATE( 2022 , 1 , 1 )
var dateEnd = DATE( 2023 , 12, 31 )
return

CALENDAR(
dateStart
, dateEnd
)
, "runningMonthIndexCalendar"
, var YearsNoOf = YEAR( [Date] ) - YEAR( dateStart )
var MonthNoOf = MONTH( [Date] )
return
YearsNoOf * 12 + MonthNoOf
)
``````

Here is a screenshot that shows that the index is incremented from December 2022 to January 2023.

Using this index will help to get the previous month's name or will help to shift dates by months for more sophisticated date-related calculations.

This adds a column to the calendar table that holds the prev month name:

``````, "Year Month (prev)"
, var eomprev = EOMONTH( [Date] , -1 )
return
FORMAT( eomprev , "YYYY MMM" )``````

Another screenshot:

Regards,
Tom

Did I answer your question? Mark my post as a solution, this will help others!

Proud to be a Super User!
I accept Kudos 😉
Hamburg, Germany
Helper III

Hi Tom

How would I go about incorporating this DAX into an existing calendar? I believe this builds a new calendar table from scratch with hard coded start and end dates. I'll need dynamic date capabilities as new data is added monthly.

Thanks.

Played around and got it to work.

Here's how to add it to an existing calendar table:

Running Month Index Column =
VAR YearsNoOf = YEAR(Dates[Date]) - YEAR(MIN(Dates[Date]))
VAR MonthNoOf = MONTH(Dates[Date])
RETURN
YearsNoOf * 12 + MonthNoOf

Here's how to add a column indicating if the month is the prior month. This is what I needed for my application:

Prior Month Column = IF(Dates[Running Month Index Column] = MAX(Dates[Running Month Index Column]) -1
, "Yes", "No")

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